The Greatest Commandment
34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”
Whose Son Is the Messiah?
41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?”
“The son of David,” they replied.
43 He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says,
44 “‘The Lord said to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand
until I put your enemies
under your feet.”’
45 If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” 46 No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions.
This passage on the Greatest Commandment is about love – both of God and our neighbours – but also about truth. Once again the pharisees try to trick Jesus with their questions but only lies can be caught out in this way while the truth can not. The Old Testament scriptures said that the Messiah would come from the line of David, and Joseph (who was married to Mary) was indeed directly descended from David in human genealogy (Matt 1 6-16). Jesus though always refers to “My Father in Heaven” meaning that He is the Son of God and David too referred to the Messiah as his Lord – not his son.